Tag Archives: landscaping warsaw

How to Protect Trees from Deer

How to manage deer damage on trees and other plants | UMN Extension

Deer are infamous for damaging trees and shrubs. Hungry animals may browse on leaves, pine needles, buds, or bark. But deer don’t just eat your landscape; territorial bucks can also kill trees by scraping them with their antlers. Young and recently planted landscapes are the most susceptible to these animal antics, so take steps now to protect your trees from deer.

Physical Barriers Provide the Best Protection

You have probably heard all kinds of ideas for how to protect trees from deer. Deterrents range from mothballs and heavily scented soaps to garlic and decaying fish heads. All repellants work to some degree, but deer can acclimate, or the scents can lose their potency following rainfall or irrigation.

One surefire way to keep deer from eating your pine trees and evergreen shrubs is to install a physical barrier. You have a few options, depending on the size of your property and your aesthetic preferences. Here are the top suggestions:

Install nylon netting over low-lying shrubs: Cover the plants with a nylon mesh screen, pinning down the corners with twine or zip-ties attached to tent stakes.

Wrap shrubs in burlap: Deer are a big threat to young shrubs in the wintertime. Encasing plants in burlap sacks doesn’t just cover up the tempting foliage; it also helps prevent the branches from bending out of shape during wet, heavy snowfall.

Surround plants with wire metal cages: The cages should stand at least six feet tall. Position them a few feet out from young trees or shrubs and support the cages with stakes. Even though deer can leap over a six-foot fence, they are reluctant to enter a small space, such as a fenced-in bed of rhododendrons or yews. Have a small plant you want to protect? Surround it with an old tomato cage, wire-hanging basket, or milk crate anchored with tent stakes.

Wrap trunks with tree wrap: Paper or plastic tree wrap protects young and thin-barked trees from buck rubs. Replace the wrap every few months to prevent moisture buildup or insect infestation.

Install a deer-proof fence around your entire yard: Conventional residential fencing can keep deer out as long as it’s at least eight feet tall. Other options include exclusion fencing, snow fencing, slanted outrigger fencing, and binder twine fencing. The Indiana Department of Natural Resources has more information about constructing different kinds of fences.

Build a Simple Fence to Protect Fruit Trees From Deer - Hobby Farms

Other Ways to Protect Trees from Deer

In addition to installing a physical barrier, here are other methods that have proven effective against hungry and territorial deer:

Remove plants from your landscape that deer are known to love, such as cedar, yew, rhododendron, maples, and roses.

Choose plants that deer dislike, such as those with fern-like foliage, fuzzy leaves, spines, or strong odors.

Spray vulnerable trees and shrubs with smelly, bitter-tasting deer repellent.

Remove food sources from your yard, including bird feeders and pet food dishes.

Install motion-detector sprinklers to scare deer away.

Pruning Trees in the Winter

While each type of tree has unique requirements for optimal health and growth, most will benefit from tree care during the winter months, including pruning. Carrying out this practice during the dormancy period is commonly used to ensure vigorous growth in the spring, but regardless of whether you need to remove unhealthy or dead branches, encroaching limbs, or want a better harvest, pruning can help.

When is the Best Time to Prune Trees?

The short answer to the question “Is it OK to prune in the winter?” is “yes”. In most situations, winter is the optimal time for pruning, after the tree has entered a state of dormancy and most of the leaves have fallen. Once the branches and limbs are exposed it is much easier to observe the structure of the tree and may help to identify areas of concern that may otherwise remain unseen.

Fruit trees and varieties including bald cypress, honey locust, juniper, poplar, and spruce trees all respond well to winter pruning, but sap-producing trees such as birch, elm, maple, and walnut are better left until late summer or early fall due to seepage.

How to Prune Trees in the Winter

You will need:

Gloves

Hand pruner

Handsaw

Loppers

Protective/warm clothing and eye wear

Shears

Which tools you use will depend on the diameter of the branches you wish to remove. Before you begin, examine the tree to determine a suitable course of action, taking note of any dead or dying limbs.

Begin pruning by removing smaller branches first in order to thin, shape, or reduce their numbers:

Take your hand pruners and make a clean, diagonal cut one-quarter of an inch above where a bud faces outwards from the plant.

Make cuts at a 45-degree angle to discourage disease or water damage.

Keep in mind pruning will encourage new growth in the direction of the cut.

To remove large branches or limbs:

Larger branches should be cut in stages to prevent injury to yourself or the tree.

Make a series of three separate cuts using your handsaw, beginning with a cut halfway through the underside of the limb, approximately 18 inches from the trunk of the tree.

Once complete, move to the top of the branch and begin cutting approximately one inch further out from the cut on the underside, sawing through to remove the limb.

Make your final cut at a 45-degree angle just outside of the branch’s collar, close to the trunk of the tree.

Benefits of Winter Tree Care:

Pruning trees in winter comes with a number of benefits, which include:

Avoid the spread of pests or diseases, which are more active during the spring and summer.

Free up valuable time in the spring to put towards other outdoor projects.

Less stress on trees, allowing time for pruning cuts to heal before warm weather insects and pathogens may be introduced.

Eliminate damage in the drop zone beneath the tree once the ground has frozen.

A Balanced Landscape for your Warsaw, IN Landscaping

Phlox is a great perennial for your landscape in Warsaw, Winona Lake, and Syracuse.

One of the comments I hear most as I meet with clients in Warsaw, Syracuse, Leesburg, and Winona Lake is “I would really like to have a balanced landscape and plantings.” Balance means alot of different things to different people throughout the greater Warsaw, In area. In this post, I would like to provide some explanation of what I consider to be a balanced landscape.

Me idea of a balanced landscape in Warsaw, IN & Syracuse, IN includes proper scale, flowing design, easy maintenance, evergreen and deciduous shrubs and trees, perennial and annual flowers, water, sunlight, shade and good air movement. In Warsaw, Winona Lake, and Syracuse there is no shortage of water as most properties are either on the water or near it.

Proper Scale

A landscape should reflect the the size and scale of your home or lake house. This means that in time, mature plantings should appear that they belong. Wise choices avoid the pitfalls of designs that incorporate planting that are too large, too small, and too many or too few. All of us have seen foundation plantings that cover windows and crowd out walkways or hedges so think that plants are diseased and sickly. A landscape in Warsaw or Syracuse should express the uniqueness of the homeowner while enhancing the architecture. There is no right or wrong but a casual passerby should see the home and the landscape as one beautifully framed picture.

Flowing Design

A design integrates the needs of the homeowner with the use of the outdoor spaces created. I like an easy traffic pattern that moves one from the front of the home to the rear or lakeside with color and interest, while positioning service areas for air conditioners, pool equipment, trash cans, and storage sheds for quick accessibility but not necessarily in the line of vision. For those of you that live or have cottages on one of our many lakes in Warsaw, Winona Lake, Syracuse, North Webster, Leesburg or Culver, getting all that lake gear from the garage to the lake can be a problem. Traffic patterns become critical.

Next week I will continue with this blog post by providing more details on maintenance, planting suggestions, and water requirements.

How Will Cold Temps Effect Your Landscape Plants in Warsaw, IN?

Winter will have an effect on your landscape plants in Warsaw, IN.

Winter has arrived in full force in Warsaw, IN & Syracuse, IN this late January and the temperatures have dropped to near zero in the past few days. The weather in Warsaw, IN so far this winter has been pretty mild and we haven’t had alot of snow in the area, but that has changed in the past few days.

The forecast is predicting some of the coldest temperatures in recent memory for the Warsaw, IN area and we don’t have much, if any, snow cover to help insulate the ground and our landscaping plants.

What is winter dormancy and how does it affect my landscape plants in Warsaw, IN? Winter dormancy is a way of the landscape plantings coping with conditions too cold for growth. With the onset of cold temperatures and shorter nights, plants begin to do dormant. Deciduous trees will drop their leaves and evergreens may drop some needles but not all of them. Perennials will die back to the ground and survive under ground until warmer temperatures show back up in Warsaw, IN.

With winter in Warsaw, IN, dormancy has two stages. The first is a period when a dormant plant is incapable of growth even in temperatures warm up. With this stage of dormancy, a plant waits for a particular signal that says its OK to begin growing.

Usually this signal is triggered by a cold period of varying length, depending on where you live. The purpose is to prevent the plant from starting growth during an unseasonable period only to be killed when temperatures suddenly drop back to normal. Once the cold period requirement is satisfied, the plant is likely out of danger from a serious refreeze and becomes ecto-dormant.

These extremely cold temperatures that we are experiencing now and in the near forecast will have an effect on the health of your landscape plantings because of the lack of snow cover. Don’t be surprised if some of your more delicate plants struggle in the upcoming season or even don’t make it to the spring flush of growth. The extremely cold temperatures and lack of insulating snow will be the cause.

Eco Friendly Brick Pavers In Warsaw, IN

Eco Friendly Brick Pavers or Permeable Pavers are not new to the Warsaw and Winona Lake area and they certainly are not new to brick paving. Eco Friendly Brick Pavers are gaining alot of attention and momentum across the country as a solution to alot of hard surface problems like runoff, drainage, retention ponds, pollution, and erosion just to name a few.

Eco Friendly, or Permeable Brick Pavers, are a great solution to your brick paving needs if you need to create additional parking spots for overflow traffic at your Warsaw, In house or lake cottage but don’t want to give up the look of your green space. Turfstone buy Belgard, is a great option for additional parking spaces at your lake house in Warsaw, In or Winona Lake, IN but want to keep as much yard space as possible.

Some homeowners in Warsaw, IN & Syracuse, IN would like to have a surface that looks more like brick pavers instead of a green lawn area.  Permeable Pavers come in a large variety of styles and colors.  Unilock has a great product line that provides homeowners who desire a permeable brick paver area.

Permeable Pavers are designed to allow almost all of the water from rainfall to be able to be reclaimed back into the existing soils.  Permeable Pavers allow for larger gaps between the brick pavers which allows water to drain through the surface into a base material underneath.  Rather than rainwater running off over the top of the traditional asphalt driveway or parking lot into a storm water retention system, the water seeps through the permeable pavers system and through a series of open graded layers of base material.  This base layer can accommodate a tremendous  amount of water depending on the deign of the system.  Water can also be collected and used for things like irrigation or washing cars.

Growing Landscape Plants: Climate Zones for Warsaw, IN

Planning a garden in Warsaw, IN or Syracuse, IN has numerous variables – location, sun, and water to name a few.  However, the most important question may be, “What plants will grow well in my Warsaw, In or Syracuse, IN climate?”

Climate can be described as an aggregate of weather conditions for a specific region like Warsaw or Syracuse, averaged over a relatively long period of time.  Climate is what the weather is statistically likely to be during any certain time of year in Warsaw.  Weather is what you think about when deciding how to dress for the day when you live in Warsaw or Syracuse.

Zones:  There are the USDA Hardiness Zones and the AHS Heat Zones.  We follow the USDA Hardiness Zones for planting in our areas of Warsaw and Syracuse for landscape installations.  In Warsaw, for landscaping, we are Zone 5.  There are 13 Zones based on average annual minimum temperatures using 10 degree increments.  These zones are then subdivided into separate 5 degree increments for better accuracy.

Hardiness zones indicate a plants cold tolerance or ability to survive a winter.  Zone 1 would be the coldest and zone 13 the warmest.  Again, in Warsaw and Syracuse, for landscaping and landscape plants, we are a Zone 5.

Fall Clean Ups in Warsaw In & Syracuse IN

WLM Landscape Maintenance Crew

We are well under way on getting our clients fall clean up completed in Warsaw, Syracuse, Leesburg, Winona Lake, Culver, Columbia City, and Ft. Wayne. Fall Clean ups in Warsaw, IN should include not only cleaning up the landscape beds but trimming/pruning of the plant material in the landscaping. It’s also a good idea to edge the landscape beds to separate the lawn/turf from the landscape beds. Sometimes getting rid of the debris can cause homeowners a problem if you live in Warsaw or Syracuse so if you need some help, please give us a call at 574.268.2566 and we will be glad to help.

Some of the benefits of a fall clean up for your Warsaw landscape include reducing the size of plants if they have grown too large. Performing a fall clean up right now in Warsaw will make the work load smaller in the spring time.

Check out this short video of our Landscape Maintenance Crew performing a Fall Clean Up in Warsaw, IN: https://youtu.be/FDLf-GGCG1U

 

 

Bulbs: Add To Your Warsaw, In Landscaping

Dig a hole, put the bulb into the hole.  You’re done!

Bulbs add color to your landscaping in early spring in Warsaw, IN and Syracuse, IN.

If you would like to add alot of color to your landscaping beds for your Warsaw, In and Syracuse, IN home or lake house, think about adding some bulbs to your landscape beds.  Spring bulbs add loads of color to your landscape and will make you the envy of all your neighbors in Warsaw and Syracuse.

How To Install The Bulbs:

The size of the hole should be proportional to the size of the bulb.  Small bulb, small hole.  You get the idea.  You can buy a bulb digger at a local garden store in Warsaw or Syracuse.  The best thing we have found for installing bulbs in Warsaw and Syracuse is a drill with an auger bit.  You can buy one by clicking here.

The bulbs have and up and a down so orient the bulb roots downward into the hole and the growing tip upward.  Cover with dirt then forget about them until spring.

Types of Bulbs:

There are so many types of bulbs that we can’t list them all here.  CLICK HERE for more information about bloom times, colors, bloom lengths, height, and other information about bulbs that we install for our clients throughout Warsaw and Syracuse.

How Many Bulbs?

Bulbs Add Color To Your Warsaw, IN Home

The first thing you want to do in your Warsaw, In landscaping is to figure out where you want to have the color explode next spring.  Where do you want the bulbs to be planted?  Measure the area and use this handy dandy CALCULATOR to help you decide just how many bulbs you will need for your space.

When To Plant in Warsaw, IN and Syracuse, IN?

October, November and December are the best months to plant bulbs in northern Indiana, especially in the Warsaw, Culver, Winona Lake, Syracuse, Columbia City, and Ft. Wayne areas.  This MAP will help you better understand when the best time to plant in Warsaw, IN.

Need Help Planting Your Bulbs?

WLM, Inc. can help with that as well.  We have a program that is becoming wildly popular with our Warsaw and Syracuse clients.  During a fall clean up we can install the bulbs so you have loads of color this spring.  Call our office to learn more or click here.

Trends in Retaining Wall for Warsaw, IN and Syracuse, IN

Retaining wall blocks add dimension and definition to your outdoor living spaces. Whether utilizing a retaining wall to control sloped hillsides in your lawn or lakeside cottage, or to add additional space for a brick paver patio or outdoor living space, retaining walls can help in many ways and help solve your landscape problems.

Terraced Retaining Walls

Retaining walls can be used to convert a sloped lawn or backyard into a space that is now usable for the whole family. You can also terrace retaining walls to create level spaces for planting beds or additional patio space.

Raised Gardens with Retaining Walls

A new trend that we are finding in Warsaw, Syracuse, Leesburg, Ft. Wayne, Columbia City, Winona Lake and Culver is the construction of raised gardens. Raised Gardens can take your landscaping to a new level and add alot of visual interest and color with perennial plants to your existing landscape or patio area.

Outdoor Space Room Definition

The use of seating walls, pillars, and the combination of the two can help define your outdoor brick paver patio in Warsaw, IN and Syracuse, IN.

Outdoor Kitchens

Patios bring families closer together.

Outdoor kitchens are probably the fastest growing segment of all the hardscape installations we install in Warsaw, IN and Syracuse, IN. These outdoor kitchen and bar areas can be completely customized to allow the best use of space for large or small areas.

Pillars & Columns

Don’t forget about adding a Pillar to your project.  They can even be installed as mailboxes and have lighting installed under the cap for additional interest.

Fall in Warsaw, IN & Syracuse, IN. What To Do?

Landscape Maintenance in Warsaw, IN and Syracuse, IN

It won’t be long and a color will wash all the deciduous trees in the Warsaw, Winona Lake, Syracuse, Ft. Wayne, Columbia City and Culver areas with the magnificent color of fall foliage.  October in Warsaw, IN and Syracuse, IN is one of the busiest time of our landscaping season only second to April through June.

Our fall clean up and landscape maintenance work will culminate in December, when hard pruning begins, but for now it’s all hands on deck to get our fall project work completed and fall leaf clean ups finished.

Here is a list of things that your Warsaw, IN landscape will need as we move into fall.

  1. Fall in Warsaw, IN brings some of the best weather conditions for starting new plantings.  As the weather cools and the days get shorter, many plants grow roots deeper into the soils more easily so now is a great time to install a new landscape, renovate your existing landscape, or transplant some of your existing plant material.  Now is also a good time to overseed your lawn.
  2. Propagate.  Are there any plants in your Syracuse, IN landscaping that you would like to reproduce?  How about taking cutting before the first frost?  Now is a good time to do both if you live in Warsaw, IN or Syracuse, IN.
  3. Germinate.  Fall is a great time to plant seeds or overseed your lawn.  Now is also a good time to start a wildflower garden from seed.
  4. Frost Protection. In Warsaw, IN, frost and potential freezing isn’t far off and your delicate plants will need some protection if you want them to look good next season.
  5. Feeding.  If you own a home in Warsaw or Syracuse, fall is a great time to fertilize your plants so they aren’t nutrient deficient next spring.  Use fertilizers made specifically for the plant.  Fall is also the best time of year to feed your lawn.  Need a lawn fertilization program?  We can help you there as well. 
  6. Weeds.  Don’t be afraid to put down some more pre-emergent herbicide in your landscape beds that will give you even better weed control next spring and summer.